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Electronics Projects Ideas for Engineering Students

Electronics projects are a great way to gain more practical knowledge about the hardware part of computing. The impact of electronics in modern day life is impossible to imagine a single moment of our life without the presence and assistance of electronics. Even the basic necessities like the running of electric lights and fans are based on electronics.

Therefore, it will be helpful and beneficial if we know the basic facts and applications of electronics in day to day life that involves electric circuits, voltage, and resistance, all components used to build an application specific hardware.

So, we observed that many people are showing interest to learn electronics concepts by joining in various electronics branches of engineering. They can get good knowledge on electronics only after doing projects on electronics in their engineering. For those electronics engineering students, we have developed a list of best electronics project ideas from various resources.

These projects are useful and have more demand in the level of engineering for Electronics, Telecommunication and Electrical engineering students. You may get the best idea by reading the following project ideas and if you are interested, you may give comments, feedback, and suggestions also.

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Electronics Projects for Engineering Students:
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SNO Electronics Projects
1 Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights:

White Light Emitting Diodes (LED) replaces HID lamps in street lighting system to include dimming feature. A microcontroller of 8051 family is used to control the intensity by developing pulse width modulated signals that drives a MOSFET to switch the LEDs according to achieve desired operation.

2 Auto Power Supply Control from 4 Different Sources: Solar, Mains, Generator &Inverter to ensure No Break Power:

The main scope of the project is to consume the power from supply mains, generator, inverter and solar optimally by using appropriate program through microcontroller in most cost effective way.

3 Thyristor Controlled Power for Induction Motor: The project is designed to control AC power based on the principle of firing angle control. Two thyristors connected in anti parallel are used in series with the load for power control. Efficiency of such power control is very high compared to any other method. A lamp is provided as load for demonstration purpose.
4 Ultra Fast Acting Electronic Circuit Breaker:

The project is to shut down the power supply when it is overloaded. Conventional circuit breaker like MCB based is on thermal bimetal lever trip mechanism. It is very slow and the trip time is dependent upon the percentage of overload. This project senses the current passing through a series element and the corresponding voltage drop is compared against the preset voltage proportional to the current by a level comparator to generate an output for the load to trip.

5 Automatic Irrigation System on Sensing Soil Moisture Content:

The project is designed to operate a pump for automatic irrigation. It comprises of moisture sensing arrangement interfaced to an op-amp configured as a comparator. So whenever moisture in the soil reduces, it turns the water pump ON. This results in increase of the moisture content which in turn switches OFF the motor. The above operations are monitored by a 8051 family microcontroller.

6 Bidirectional Rotation of an Induction Motor with a Remote Control Device:

The microcontroller receives the infrared signal from the IR remote, the code of which is identified by the receiver to operate a set of relays. The relays switches ON/OFF the appropriate relay to power a split phase induction motor to achieve desired direction by interchanging leading supply phase from the main winding to the auxiliary winding. Please note that a single phase induction motor can be procured at an extra cost over the kit cost.

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

7 Programmable Switching Control For Industrial Automation In Repetitive Nature of Work: The project is based on a microcontroller (8051 series MC) for programmable logic control of industrial loads by the user. Few switches are duly interfaced to the microcontroller which can be used to program the system in set mode, auto mode or manual mode. Loads are driven sequentially or individually in programmable time intervals from the output of the microcontroller based on the mode selected.
8 Four Quadrant DC Motor Speed Control with Microcontroller:

The project has been designed to develop a speed control system for DC motor in all the four-quadrant. Using four-quadrant chopper it is possible to demonstrate forward, instant forward brake, reverse, instant reverse brake control of a DC motor It uses an 8051 family microcontroller along with a motor driver IC to drive the motor.

9 Density Based Traffic Signal System:

The project is designed to develop a density based dynamic traffic signal system. The signal timing changes automatically on sensing the traffic density at the junction. IR sensors are used to monitor the density of the vehicles at the junction. The signals from the IR receivers are fed to the microcontroller to follow different time for different level of traffic. 

10 SVPWM (Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation) :

Project is designed to generate 3 phase supply from single phase supply using 6 no's MOSFETs. It comprises of a 3 phase bridge inverter driven from a programmable microcontroller (8051 family) through bridge drivers and opto-isolators. Single phase source is converted to DC which is used for the inverter. Please note that a three phase induction motor can be procured at an extra cost over the kit cost.

11 FACTS By SVC (Flexible AC Transmission):

Static VAR Compensation under FACTS is achieved using TSC, thyristor switched capacitors  based on shunt compensation. These are duly controlled from a programmed microcontroller of 8051 family.

12 FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission) bY TSR:

The project is used to achieve static voltage compensation under FACTS using thyristor switched reactor (TSR) in shunt. This helps in lowering the voltage at the load end that may draw leading current either during charging the transmission line or during low loads.

13 UPFC Related Display of Lag and Lead Power Factor:

Microcontroller based LCD display of lagging current, leading current & linear current together with reading of power factor & the leading / lagging time of the current vs voltage. It has provision of  choosing  the increasing  inductive load , switching to linear load and also has an arrangement of auto increment  of the capacitive load programmatically.

14 Auto Metro Train to Shuttle between Stations:

A robotic vehicle considered as train is connected with sensors for shuttling between two stations automatically. It has provision for limiting the number of passengers entering the train by auto door management system. Auto start and stop feature from origin to the destination and back is also available. 

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

15 Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle:

The project is designed to develop a robotic vehicle that is controlled by a cell phone. DTMF command from a phone is sent to another cell phone which is mounted on the robot. These commands are fed to a microcontroller of 8051 family to operate the vehicle movement through motor interface.  

16 Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle:

The project is designed to develop a robotic vehicle that can sense land mines ahead of it. The robot is controlled by a remote using RF technology. It consists of a metal detector circuit interfaced to the control unit that alarms the user behind it about a suspected land mine ahead. An 8051 series of microcontroller is used for the desired operation. 

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

17 Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement:

The project is designed for LED based street lights using PIC microcontroller. A number of LED street lights glow for a specific distance ahead, on sensing an approaching vehicle and then switches OFF once the vehicle passes by. Thus a lot of energy is saved in this process. Optionally, dimming feature can be used in this system while no vehicles are passing on the road. 

18 Density based Traffic Signal System using PIC Microcontroller:

The project is designed to develop a density based dynamic traffic signal system. The signal timing changes automatically on sensing the traffic density at the junction. IR sensors are used to monitor the density of the vehicles at the junction. The signals from the IR receivers are fed to the microcontroller to follow different time for different level of traffic. 

19 Solar Energy Measurement System:

Solar photo-voltaic data  such as voltage, current, temperature, light intensity for calculating solar insolation etc are monitored by a PIC microcontroller having built in multi-channel ADC and displayed on a LCD screen.

20 Programmable Load Shedding Time Management for Utility Department:

Multiple time operated electrical load control system is a reliable circuit that takes over the manual task of switch on/off the as per programed time. It has an inbuilt real time clock (RTC) to keep tracking the time and switch ON/OFF the load accordingly.

21 Street Light that Glows on Detecting Vehicle Movement:

The project is designed for LED based street lights. A number of LED street lights glow for a specific distance ahead, on sensing an approaching vehicle and then switches OFF once the vehicle passes by. Thus a lot of energy is saved in this process. Optionally, dimming feature can be used in this sytem while no vehicles are passing on the road.

22 Cyclo Converter using Thyristors:

It is difficult to vary speed of an induction motor which is one of the main disadvantage. This is overcome by using a thyristor controlled cycloconverter that enables the speed to be lowered in three steps. A microcontroller of 8051 family is used to trigger a SCR bank of 8nos, isolated by opto isolators to achieve F,F/2 & F/3 by an appropriate program. F stands for frequency.  Please note that a single phase induction motor can be procured at an extra cost over the kit cost.

23 Sun Tracking Solar Panel:

The project uses a solar panel coupled to a stepper motor to track the Sun so that maximum sun light is incident upon the panel at any given time of the day.  The microcontroller used is programmed to rotate the stepper motor in regular time intervals so that it tracks the sun.This is better compared to light sensing method that may not be accurate always. The project uses a dummy solar panel for demonstration purpose.

24 Minimizing Penalty in Industrial Power Consumption by Engaging APFC Unit:

Automatic Power Factor Compensation (APFC) is achieved by engaging number of shunt capacitor in parallel to inductive loads. The time lag between zero voltage and zero current is fed to the microcontroller (8051 family)  that drives relays from its output for bringing shunt capacitors across the load till the power factor reaches 0.9. 

25 Energy Meter Billing with Load Control over GSM with User Programmable Number Features:

The project is to develop a wireless energy meter reading and load control. The reading of the energy meter is also sent by to any cell phone by a message through GSM modem by user programmable number upon a missed call which also receives commands from the cell phone to control the electrical loads.

26 RFID based Attendance System:

RFID tag with details of the employee keep tracking of their attendance while swiped on the RFID reader interfaced to a microcontroller with LCD display for indication.

27 Detecting Power Grid Synchronization Failure on Sensing Frequency or Voltage Beyond Acceptable Range:

Synchronization failure of an alternate supply source connected to the grid is detected by this system. The failure can be either under/over voltage or under/over frequency. The project uses a 8051 family microcontroller to perform this operation. This mechanism is popularly known as islanding of grid connected source.

28 Cell Phone based DTMF Controlled Garage Door Opening System:

A mobile phone is connected to the control unit so that the data received by the phone is used to open/ close the door. This can be achieved using DTMF technology. The main feature of this project is that the user can control the garage door from any part of the world using his mobile phone.

29 Using TV Remote as a Cordless Mouse for the Computer:

TV remote is used in this project to act as a cordless mouse for the computer. This is achieved by reading the coded data sent from the TV remote by a sensor. The sensor is interfaced to a microcontroller which responds to the coded signals and sends appropriates instructions through serial communication to the PC.  

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

30 GSM based Monthly Electricity Energy Meter Billing and SMS upon GSM with User Programmable Number Features together with Onsite Display to the User:

Domestic electricity consumed is displayed in rupee terms on daily and monthly basics to the user and billing details sent over GSM by user programmable number upon a missed call form the user to the department for generating the printed bill.

31 Theft Intimation of the Vehicle Over GSM by SMS with User Programmable Number Feature to Owner who can Stop the Engine Remotely:

Theft intimation of the vehicle over SMS using GSM modem by user programmable number upon a missed call , to the owner while unauthorized door entry is made. Owner can send command through his mobile to stop the engine by activating the relay interfaced to a microcontroller along with the GSM modem used for the purpose.

32 Automatic Star Delta Starter Using Relays And Adjustable Electronic Timer for Induction Motor: The project is designed to start a 3 phase motor at 440 volt AC mains supply 50 Hz with a set of 12 volt DC relays in star mode and then to delta mode by an electronically adjustable timer. A set of relays are used to shift the motor connections from star to delta with a time delay. The project is supplied with six lamps instead of a 3 phase motor i.e., two lamps representing each pahse winding of the motor.
33 Induction Motor Protection System:

The project is designed to protect an induction motor from single phasing and over temperature. It uses sensors interfaced to comparators for disconnecting the motor through a realy. The project is supplied with lamps in place of 3 phase motor for demonstration purpose.

34 Three Phase Fault Analysis with Auto Reset on Temporary Fault and Permanent Trip Otherwise:

Six numbers of step down transformers are used for forming star and delta secondaries at low voltage output. Fault condition is created with a set of switches to input LL, LG, 3L fault to the circuit. This triggers a 555 timer in monostable to reset after fault clearance in a short duration temporary fault or permanentaly trip the output incase of prolonged fault.

35 High Voltage DC up to 2KV From AC by Using Diode and Capacitors in Voltage Multiplier Circuit:

1000 PIV diodes in combination with 100uF electrolytic capacitors forming a ladder network multiplies the input AC to develop DC output 7 times the input read on a multimeter approximately.  

36 Phase Sequence Checker for Three Phase Supply:

3-phase supply of 440V AC 50Hz is fed to a logic circuit comprising of NAND gates and OR gates to detect the sequence of R Y B by triggering a  timer for a LED  to indicate output phase out of sequence. The output can also be tested by using a sequence meter (not supplied with the kit).

37 Four Quadrant DC Motor Control without Microcontroller:

The project has been designed to develop a system using timers for DC motor control in all the four-quadrants. Using four-quadrant chopper it is possible to demonstrate forward, instant forward brake, reverse, instant reverse brake control of a DC motor. 

38 Line Following Robotic Vehicle:

The project is designed to develop a robotic vehicle that follows a specific path. This project doesn't require a microcontroller for its operation. A pair of photo sensors comprising IR transmitter and photo diode is used to detect the specified path for its movement. 

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

39 Hidden Active Cell Phone Detector:

A 555 timer in mono-stable mode along with a high gain op amp is used to detect Giga Hertz induced signals so produced by an active cell phone with in closer proximity to sound a buzzer alarm.

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

40 Electronic Eye Controlled Security System:

The project is designed as a security system based on photo sensing arrangement.  It uses a 14- stage ripple carry binary counter to sense the light intensity through LDR. The output drives a buzzer and a relay for necessary action.

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

41 Wireless Audio Transmitter for TV:

The audio output of the TV is fed to an FM transmitter that transmits the audio to be received by any FM receiver (or a cell phone having FM radio).It can be used to listen to TV sound without disturbing anyone else. 

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

42 Smooth Start of a Single Phase Induction Motor:

The project uses two anti-parallel SCRs in series with the motor to the supply. SCRs are triggered gradually from heavily delayed firing angle to zero delay resulting in gradual increase of supply voltage to the motor. This leads to a smooth start of the motor. A lamp is provided as load for demonstration purpose.

43 Password Based Circuit Breaker:

The project is designed to control a circuit breaker with help of a password only. A keypad is interfaced to a microcontroller to enter the password. Fatal electrical accidents to the line man can thus be avoided which often happens due to lack of communication and co-ordination between the maintenance staff and the electric substation staff. 

44 Dual Converter using Thyristors:

This single phase dual converter consists of  a pair of thyristor controlled bridge (4 SCRs X 2 ) that enables a DC motor to get reversed polarity for either direction rotation and  speed control also by  thyristortriggering from Microcontroller to each bridge SCR bank of duly interfaced through opto-isolators.

45 RFID based Paid Car Parking:

It uses a microcontroller along with sensing circuits monitoring entry and exit of cars with help of owner accessed RFID card swipe with a display indication besides indicating the available number of parking.

46 Density Based Traffic Signal with Remote Override in Emergency:

Remote override control of density based traffic signal by emergency vehicles like ambulance,fire brigade etc. for getting priority in the desired direction.

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

47 Pick N Place Robotic Arm And Movement Controlled by Android Wirelessly:

The project is designed to develop a pick n place robotic vehicle with a soft catching gripper.  For example, it can safely handle a bomb very carefully to avoid explosion while catching. The robotic vehicle 4 motors are interfaced to a microcontroller through remotely operated commands to it  by touch screen based user friendly GUI on any smart phone with Android applications. 

48 Remote Operated Domestic Appliances Control by Android Application:

The project is designed to operate electrical loads using relays interfaced  to a microcontroller through  remotely operated commands to it  by touch screen based user friendly GUI on any smart phone with Android applications.

49 Arduino based Underground Cable Fault Detection:

A fixed set of resistors are used, representing the distance of the underground cable in kilometers. A DC voltage is fed over the line in mutiplexing mode in combination with the built-in ADC of an Arduino board to detect the fault current and show the distance on a LCD display based on varying voltage drop principle. 

50 Optimum Energy Management System:

The project is designed to monitor the number of persons  entering as well as exiting a room. Electrical loads are switched ON as the first person enters and switches OFF when the last person leaves. IR sensors used in combination with microcontroller to monitor all the operations. This helps in saving lot of energy. 

51 Remote monitoring of transformer / generator health over internet: Real time parameters of  any  functioning transformer, generator, domestic / industrial  load, displayed  over  internet upon a dedicated webpage either for private or public view in user selected chart format such as line type, bar type, pie chart, gauge  type etc, an IOT based project
52 Energy Meter Reading over Internet: Energy meter reading on units consumed and cost thereof conveyed over internet upon a dedicated webpage for display on graphical format under IOT (Internet of things) project category.
53 Voice Controlled Home Appliances: Using Bluetooth mode of communication from any smart cell phone with Android app, voice commands are converted to logic data by the receiving Bluetooth module, forming as input to 8051 microcontroller that enables AC household mains loads through TRIACs interfaced through opto-isolators.
54 Solar Highway Lighting System with Auto Turn Off in Daytime:

The project is designed for LED based solar street light with charge controller. The lights glow in the dark with full intensity and becomes dim progressively as the day approaches to get fully switched off.Thus a lot of energy is saved in this process. It has built in auto daytime turn off feature by LDR sensing.

55 Wireless Home Appliance like Fan Speed Control using RF Communication:

The project is designed to control AC power based on the principle of firing angle control by two thyristors connected in antiparallel or a TRIAC used in series with the fan which is an induction motor for speed control. Wireless mode of communication through a pair of RF transmitter receiver module is interfaced to the microcontrollers at either side for responding to the commands.

56 Display of Underground Cable Fault Distance over Internet :

Underground cable fault distance displayed over internet to any computer upon a dedicated webpage. The project is one of the IOT category using GSM modem and microcontroller.

57 TV Remote Operated Domestic Appliances Control:

The project is designed to operate electrical loads using a TV remote. The remote transmits coded infrared data which is then received by a sensor interfaced to the control unit. The system operates electrical loads depending on the data transmitted from the TV remote. 

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

58 IOT Based Home Automation Over The Cloud: It is to control electrical load over the internet from anywhere in the world with a status update on password protected dedicated website with  all the hardware housed in a supplied compact enclosure  of 2” x 2.5” for plug and play home automation.
59 Night Sensing Light:

Night Sensing Light

60 Overhead Water Tank Level Indicator: Three level LED indication of water level in overhead water tank
61 Discotheque Flashing Light:

High speed flashing stroboscopic light with LEDs for discotheque

62 Fire Alarm System: Thermister based temperature sensing with LED indication
63 Buzzer based Thermometer for Body Temperature: IC based body temperature limt cross warning for patients
64 Touch Point based Calling Bell: Very sensitive touch plate controlled buzzer sound based calling bell
65 Automatic Toilet Delay Lighting:

Night Sensing Light

66 Police Siren: Electronics way of generating police siren with adjustable dual 555 timers
67 Kitchen Timer: Agjustable Count down timer with LED indication for kitchen use
68 LED Dimmer: Dimming the intensity of LEDs by PWM switching
69 Police Lights: 2 sets of different flashing LEDs mimiking police lights mounted on their vehicles
70 Smart Fan: A small dc fan operates s long as any person sits on the chair fitted with IR sensors
71 Smart Security Reminder: Digital NAND gate based time elapsed alarm system to catch thieves
72 Consumer Visit Audit: Counting visitors to limit entry beyond capacity
73 Dengue Prevention: Generating irratating noise to deter dengu mosquitos
74 Cell Charger cum Emmergency Light: Automatic operation of emergency light using cell phone charger
75 Lucky Number Game: Electronic dice for lucky number game
76 Fastest Finger Fast Test: 4 player fastest reaction in quiz competition
77 Voltage Doubler: Using low voltage batteries to operate high voltage gadgets
78 Window glass break alarm: Protecting window glass break burglary attempt
79 Toy motor speed control: Adding an accletorToy car motor
80 Smart Cash Box Guard: Electronic eye guarding cash boxes
81 Foot Step activated Door bell: A door bell that works on approaching foot steps
82 TV Remote Battery Low Detector: Detecting dischargeed battery in TV remotes
83 Solar Power Charge Controller:

The solar energy is converted to electrical energy by photo-voltaic cells.  This energy is stored in batteries during day time for utilizing the same during night time. This project deals with a controlled charging mechanism which over charge, deep discharge and under voltage of the battery.

Note: As per government security norms, batteries would not be included in the kit.

84 Wireless Power Transfer:

The project is to develop a device to transfer power wirelessly to any gadget. This project can also be used for charging batteries those are physically not possible to be connected electrically.

85 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 30 Projects-in-1:
86 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 75 Projects-in-1:
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89 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 15 Projects-in-1 for Engineering Students:
90 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 30 Projects-in-1 For Engineering Students:
91 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 75 Projects-in-1 For Engineering Students:
92 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - Arduino Step-By-Step For Engineering Students:
93 EFX Electronic Learning Kit - 15 Projects-in-1:
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